The article presents the results of the research on the determinant factors of demographic aging inthe Republic of Moldova and some European countries (Italy, Germany, Czech Republic, Ukraine andBelarus). The results showed that in Italy, Germany and the Czech Republic the deepening of the agingprocess is associated with a significant increase of the life expectancy at advanced ages. Despite the factthat the decline in fertility contributes to the changing of the age structure and aging of population,migration flows reduce the negative effects of changes in the age structure and prevent the decline of thepopulation. In Eastern European countries – Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova, the reduced tempo ofdecreasing mortality and increasing life expectancy at the advanced ages does not contribute to thedemographic aging from “top”. The decline in fertility, the peculiarities of age structure and emigrationare the main factors of demographic aging and population decline.
Elena HRUSCIOV, Scientific Researcher, Centre for Demographic Research, National Institute for Economic Research, Moldova
demographic aging, mortality, fertility, migration, age structure.