2017, no. 1 & 2

THE COMPETITIVENESS OF THE AGRIFOOD SECTOR FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN THE FIELD OF ALIMENTARY PRODUCTS OF PLANT AND ANIMAL ORIGIN

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Authors:  
Elena SCERBACOV, PhD, University Lecturer, The State Agrarian University of Moldova

Competitiveness is a category that expresses the economic, technical, scientific, production,managerial, organizational, marketing, etc. possibilities of an enterprise, branch, country’s economy,which is focused on goods and services, both on the domestic markets and on external ones. This work aims to analyze the competitiveness of the agrifood sector of the Republic of Moldova through the prism of trade with food products of vegetable and animal origin. In the investigation process there were used methods of analysis, synthesis and comparison, and the informational base constituted recent works from the field as well as statistical reports of the NBS. The obtained results show that the fruits and nuts,cereals, oil seeds and oleaginous fruits predominate in Moldovan export of food products of vegetable origin. The reduction in the import of the food products of animal origin during the analyzed period is explained by the fact that the livestock sector has suffered from droughts from the recent years and many farmers have had to sacrifice a part of cattle and poultry livestock.

Keywords:  
competitiveness, trade, agrifood sector, export, import, alimentary products.