2018: Journal no. 2

STATE POLICIES FOR SUPPORTING THE ENTREPRENEURS AS WOMEN AND YOUNG PEOPLE FROM SOCIAL-VULNERABLE GROUPS

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Authors:  
Vadim MACARI, PhD, Associate Researcher, National Institute for Economic Research, Republic of Moldova

Under the conditions of the business environment currently existing in the Republic of Moldova,which, in certain aspects, requires essential improvements, the creation of conditions and opportunities for all persons, who wish to start a business, for their successful work activities and entrepreneurship, remains an imperious task. The need for special support from the state in order to initiate and develop a successful business is most felt by the socially vulnerable categories of population. Therefore, the main purpose of this article is to analyze relevant national policy documents for supporting women and young people, part of the socially vulnerable category, as entrepreneurs. The information base of the investigation constituted,mainly, the statistical data of the NBS and the consulted bibliographic sources. The main used research methods were: studying the written and electronic sources on the subject; monograph; quantitative and qualitative methods; analysis and synthesis; statistics; table; dynamic strings. The most relevant results are the following: a) characteristic of the national state policy of supporting women and young people as entrepreneurs or self-employed; b) correct defining of the content and correlation of the main notions established by the NBS, which are used in the research process; c) determining the evolution of the number,structure (2012 and 2016) and dynamics (2016/2012) of young entrepreneurs according to their professional status, levels of education and gender.

Keywords:  
IMM, persoane social-vulnerabile, tineri antreprenori, tineri lucrători pe cont propriu, politici de stat de susținere, PNAET, dezvoltarea antreprenoriatului feminin în Republica Moldova.