GENDER DIFFERENCES IN PARITY-SPECIFIC FERTILITY TRANSITION MODELS

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36004/nier.es.2024.1-07

Keywords:

male demographic fertility, parity patterns, transition to the first, second, and third child, GGS, Moldova

Abstract

Most demographic studies focus on the reproductive behavior of women, leaving a gap in the understanding of male demographic fertility. New fertility patterns in recent decades and the increasing involvement of men in family planning have provided solid grounds for analyzing male reproductive behavior when investigating fertility determinants. This study aims to explore the differences in fertility parity patterns among men and women in Moldova, comparing the age at first childbirth, the number of biological children over their lifetime, and the transition to the first, second, and third child. Using data from the Generations and Gender Survey conducted in 2020, the research focuses on cohorts of men and women born between 1950 and 1989. To test the hypotheses that men have a longer reproductive lifespan, start their reproductive activity later than women, and exhibit greater variation in the number of biological children, the following methodologies are employed: analysis of the mean number of biological children for selected birth cohorts; determination of the proportion of men who remain childless by the end of life and the proportion of women who remain childless by the end of the reproductive period; evaluation of the transition to the birth of children of different parities for men and women using Kaplan-Meier models. The results indicate significant gender differences in reproductive behavior: men become parents, on average, three years later than women and have a lower average number of children over their lifetime. Additionally, the proportion of men who remain childless throughout their life is significantly higher compared to women who have completed their reproductive period. These findings suggest substantial differences in the reproductive behavior of men and women, contributing to a broader and more complete picture of population dynamics and fertility trends.

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Published

03-07-2024

How to Cite

Grigoraș, E. (2024). GENDER DIFFERENCES IN PARITY-SPECIFIC FERTILITY TRANSITION MODELS. Economy and Sociology, (1). https://doi.org/10.36004/nier.es.2024.1-07