2014: Journal no. 1

DIMENSIONS OF POVERTY AND SOCIAL EXCLUSION IN ROMANIA. PRESENT AND PERSPECTIVES

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Authors:  
Ion GHIZDEANU, PhD, Professor, Institute of Economic Forecasting
Marioara IORDAN, PhD, Institute of Economic Forecasting, Romania

In essence, the main cause of poverty and the impossibility to reach a certain life standard derive from lack of income. Discussing the poverty phenomenon implies the delimitation of the population from the point of view of territoriality and from the point of view of an acceptable life standard, generally compared to the average indicators specific to a certain community.

In this paper, poverty is analysed both methodologically and conceptually. Therefore, the paper presents aspects regarding poverty and social exclusion, the main dimensions of poverty in Romania.

It is generally known that main factor of reducing poverty and social exclusion is the real convergence, and thus the final part of the paper is oriented towards the main aspects of its evolution.

Keywords:  
poverty, social exclusion, social governance, real convergence, structural deficit.